Philip Rawlings, Queen Mary University of London School of Law, has published The Great Fire of London and the Origins of Fire Insurance: A Brief Note as Queen Mary School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 246/2016. Here is the abstract.
The Great Fire of London in 1666 reshaped the architecture of London and was a factor in establishing the City as a place of financial innovation. Fire insurance did not emerge immediately after that event because of the difficulties in establishing a viable scheme. Nevertheless, the fire and the enthusiasm for financial speculation brought various experiments that eventually led to relatively sophisticated fire insurance schemes.Download the essay from SSRN at the link.